The Provisional Government was dominated mainly by liberals and moderate socialists who wanted to instigate political reform, creating a democracy with elections for an executive and a constituent assembly. After the February Revolution Lenin sought to return to Russia as soon as possible.
Leader of the great religious revolt of the sixteenth century in Germany ; born at Eisleben, 10 November, ; died at Eisleben, 18 February, His father, Hans, was a miner, a rugged, stern, irascible character.
April theses peace land and bread the opinion of many of his biographers, it was an expression of uncontrolled rage, an evident congenital inheritance transmitted to his oldest son, that compelled him to flee from Mohra, the family seat, to escape the penalty or odium of homicide.
This, though first charged by Wiceliusa convert from Lutheranism, has found admission into Protestant history and tradition. His mother, Margaret Ziegler, is spoken of by Melancthon as conspicuous for "modesty, the fear of Godand prayerfulness" "Corpus Reformatorum", Halle, Extreme simplicity and inflexible severity characterized their home lifeso that the joys of childhood were virtully unknown to him.
His father once beat him so mercilessly that he ran away from home and was so "embittered against him that he had to win me to himself again. The meager data of his life at this period make it a work of difficulty to reconstruct his childhood.
His schooling at Mansfeld, whither his parents had returned, was uneventful. He attended a Latin schoolin which the Ten Commandments"Child's Belief", the Lord's Prayerthe Latin grammar of Donatus were taught, and which he learned quickly.
In his fifteenth year we find him at Eisenach. At eighteen he entered the University of Erfurt, with a view to studying jurisprudence at the request of his father. In he received the degree of Bachelor of Philosophybeing the thirteenth among fifty-seven candidates. On Epiphany 6 January,he was advanced to the master's degreebeing second among seventeen applicants.
His philosophical studies were no doubt made under Jodocus Trutvetter von Eisenach, then rector of the university, and Bartholomaus Arnoldi von Usingen. The former was pre-eminently the Doctor Erfordiensis, and stood without an admitted rival in Germany.
Luther addresses him in a letter as not only "the first theologian and philosopher ", but also the first of contemporary dialecticians. Usingen was an Augustinian friarand second only to Trutvetter in learning, but surpassing him in literary productivity. Although the tone of the university, especially that of the students, was pronouncedly, even enthusiastically, humanisticand although Erfurt led the movement in Germanyand in its theological tendencies was supposedly "modern", nevertheless "it nowise showed a depreciation of the currently prevailing [ Scholastic ] system" ibid.
Luther himself, in spite of an acquaintaince with some of the moving spirits of humanismseems not to have been appreciably affected by it, lived on its outer fringe, and never qualified to enter its "poetic" circle. Luther's sudden and unexpected entrance into the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt occurred 17 July, The motives that prompted the step are various, conflicting, and the subject of considerable debate.
He himself alleges, as above stated, that the brutality of his home and school life drove him into the monastery.
Hausrath, his latest biographer and one of the most scholarly Luther specialists, unreservedly inclines to this belief. He himself again, in a letter to his fatherin explanation of his defection from the Old Churchwrites, "When I was terror-stricken and overwhelmed by the fear of impending death, I made an involuntary and forced vow ".
Various explanations are given of this episode. Melancthon ascribes his step to a deep melancholy, which attained a critical point "when at one time he lost one of his comrades by an accidental death" Corp.The Reformation (more fully the Protestant Reformation, or the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th-century Europe..
It is usually considered to have started with the publication of the Ninety-five Theses by Martin Luther in and lasted until the end of the. Lenin's April theses gained a sufficient amount of support due to its stand on the demise of the Provisional Government "Peace, Land, Bread" The development of "Peace, Land, Bread" addressed the main concerns of the Russian populace.
The concern is so great that U.S. officials who watch North Korea closely are continually monitoring the status of the North Korean space launch vehicle, whose status could suggest a pre-emptive nuclear strike against the United States.
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In the opinion of many of his biographers, it was an expression of uncontrolled. Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends, Society of Friends or Friends Church. Members of the various Quaker movements are all generally united in a belief in the ability of each human being to experientially access "the light within", or "that of God in every one".