Background[ edit ] Yukon at the time of discovery.
California goldfields red in the Sierra Nevada and northern California Advertisement about sailing to California, circa The Mexican—American War ended on February 3,although California was a de facto American possession before that.
Marshall, a foreman working for Sacramento pioneer John Sutterfound shiny metal in the tailrace of a lumber mill Marshall was building for Sutter on the American River.
After the tests showed that it was gold, Sutter expressed dismay: Brannan hurriedly set up a store to sell gold prospecting supplies,  and walked through the streets of San Francisco, holding aloft a vial of gold, shouting "Gold!
Gold from the American River! As Sutter had feared, his business plans were ruined after his workers left in search of gold, and squatters took over his land and stole his crops and cattle. When residents learned about the discovery, it at first became a ghost town of abandoned ships and businesses,  but then boomed as merchants and new people arrived.
The population of San Francisco increased quickly from about 1,  in to 25, full-time residents by At first, most Argonautsas they were also known, traveled by sea.
From the East Coast, a sailing voyage around the tip of South America would take five to eight months,  and cover approximately 18, nautical miles 33, kilometres. An alternative was to sail to the Atlantic side of the Isthmus of Panamatake canoes and mules for a week through the jungle, and then on the Pacific side, wait for a ship sailing for San Francisco.
Many gold-seekers took the overland route across the continental United States, particularly along the California Trail.
When hundreds of ships were abandoned after their crews deserted into go to the goldfields, many ships were converted to warehouses, stores, taverns, hotels, and one into a jail. The Gold Rush town of Weaverville on the Trinity River today retains the oldest continuously used Taoist temple in California, a legacy of Chinese miners who came.
While there are not many Gold Rush era ghost towns still in existence, the remains of the once-bustling town of Shasta have been preserved in a California State Historic Park in Northern California.
Faced with gold increasingly difficult to retrieve, Americans began to drive out foreigners to get at the most accessible gold that remained.
To protect their homes and livelihood, some Native Americans responded by attacking the miners. This provoked counter-attacks on native villages.
Gold has been called the most beautiful of all chemical elements. Its beauty has made it desirable for use in jewelry, coins, and artwork for thousands of years. Born 24 Jan Swedish mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in for his work on partial differential equations. Spending five years in writing, he produced a text The analysis of linear partial differential operators, in four volumes (). Between and he served as a vice president of the International Mathematical Union. Get the latest science news and technology news, read tech reviews and more at ABC News.
The Native Americans, out-gunned, were often slaughtered. Novelist and poet Joaquin Miller vividly captured one such attack in his semi-autobiographical work, Life Amongst the Modocs. Francisco Lopez, a native California, was searching for stray horses.
He stopped on the bank of a small creek in what later was known as Placerita Canyon, about 3 miles 4. While the horses grazed, Lopez dug up some wild onions and found a small gold nugget in the roots among the onion bulbs. He looked further and found more gold.
Lopez and others began to search for other streambeds with gold deposits in the area. They found several in the northeastern section of the forest, within present-day Ventura County. In he found gold in San Feliciano Canyon near his first discovery. Mexican miners from Sonora worked the placer deposits untilwhen the Californios began to agitate for independence from Mexico, and the Bear Flag Revolt caused many Mexicans to leave California.
Women and children of all ethnicities were often found panning next to the men.
Some enterprising families set up boarding houses to accommodate the influx of men; in such cases, the women often brought in steady income while their husbands searched for gold. The earliest gold-seekers were people who lived near California or people who heard the news from ships on the fastest sailing routes from California.
The first large group of Americans to arrive were several thousand Oregonians who came down the Siskiyou Trail. The gold hunter is loaded down with every conceivable appliance, much of which would be useless in California. The largest group of forty-niners in were Americans, arriving by the tens of thousands overland across the continent and along various sailing routes  the name "forty-niner" was derived from the year Many from the East Coast negotiated a crossing of the Appalachian Mountainstaking to riverboats in Pennsylvaniapoling the keelboats to Missouri River wagon train assembly ports, and then travelling in a wagon train along the California Trail.
Australians  and New Zealanders picked up the news from ships carrying Hawaiian newspapers, and thousands, infected with "gold fever", boarded ships for California.
Several hundred Chinese arrived in California in andand in more than 20, landed in San Francisco. Chinese miners suffered enormously, enduring violent racism from white miners who aimed their frustrations at foreigners.Overview of the Gold Rush by Curator Emeritus Gary F.
Kurutz. Features examples drawn from the California History Section’s special collections. There is a multinational conspiracy to illegally take the mineral resources of the Haitian people: Espaillat Nanita revealed that in Haiti there are huge resources of gold and other minerals by ESPACINSULAR, SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 17, (Translated from Spanish original).
The National Museum of American History collects artifacts of all kinds—from gowns to locomotives—to preserve for the American people an enduring record of their past.
The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated , prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between and Gold was discovered there by local miners on August 16, , and, when news reached Seattle and San Francisco the following year, it triggered a stampede of prospectors.
Some became wealthy, but the majority went in vain. As we've seen recently with shortages in emergency food rations and supplies, firearms and magazines, and now gold and silver, Americans are no longer confident in the stability of the system as a whole, and they are diversifying their assets into physical resources that will retain value should the global financial.
Gold has been called the most beautiful of all chemical elements. Its beauty has made it desirable for use in jewelry, coins, and artwork for thousands of years.