The conceptual foundations of computer ethics are investigated by information ethicsa branch of philosophical ethics promoted, among others, by Luciano Floridi. While working on anti-aircraft artillery during World War IIWiener and his fellow engineers developed a system of communication between the part of a cannon that tracked a warplane, the part that performed calculations to estimate a trajectory, and the part responsible for firing.
What do 20 years of surveys about bad behavior tell us? It includes behavior that creates a hostile work environment; conflicts of interest; violations of company internet policies; falsifying time reports; lying to employees, customers, vendors, and the public; theft; and egregious types of corruption, such as bribery, illegal political gifts, and accepting inappropriate gifts.
Roughly 25 percent of observed misconduct involved senior managers. Workforce, which ECI has conducted eight times since The survey makes it clear that encouraging appropriate workplace ethics is the job of every organization that wants to maintain a reputable brand—including associations.
Fortunately, there are practical steps you can take to make it more likely that your staff will behave in ways that reflect well on your association. Failing that, these steps make it more likely that you can detect misbehavior and take corrective action sooner.
What the Survey Says The National Business Ethics Survey, the most recent edition of the research, was conducted primarily among employees in the for-profit sector, but the findings are consistent with other studies of workplace ethics in government and nonprofits, Harned says.
Among the highlights of the ECI survey: Of those who witnessed misconduct, 63 percent reported what they saw. Of those who reported misconduct, 21 percent said they experienced some form of retaliation.
Why are high-level employees more likely to behave unethically? Harned offers several possible explanations: They may have more opportunities to overstep the rules. They may be under more pressure to show results. The incidence of workplace misconduct hit a historic low with this report, after trending downward for at least five years.
The survey concludes that these positive signs imply that an organizational focus on an ethical culture, combined with ethics and compliance programs, can and does help reduce misconduct. Here are some essential components of a workplace ethics program you can set up within your association.
Promote involvement and buy-in from the start. Create cross-functional focus groups.
Encourage an environment in which people at all levels can speak frankly. Convince people that high ethical standards make them better at what they do. Research the program elements your workplace needs. A major one is a code to live and work by. Generally, there are two types, Canela says: Enforceable rules of conduct that, if violated, carry consequences.
Typically, these rules are drafted narrowly, like regulations, to deter a particular kind of behavior or activity. A set of values or principles, usually stated in positive terms, that employees should aspire to live by.
Which type of code should your association develop? The staff focus groups will help with your decision making.
Other elements of your program may include an ethics and compliance officer policies and procedures around key issues your employees face a means for employees to report concerns about suspected ethical violations. What if your association is too small for a complicated code of conduct, much less an anonymous helpline?
The person ECI staff maintains a viable program with just a part-time ethics officer. This document [PDF] spells out aspirational concepts as well as standards for association professionals, consultants, and industry partners.
The Ethics and Compliance Toolkit: This free, practical resource from the Ethics and Compliance Initiative helps with everything from writing a code of conduct to making ethical decisions. National Business Ethics Survey of the U. ECI will release the results in early Oct 02, · Computer ethics deals with the issues that relate to the moral implications of the way decisions are being made in regarding to the computer domain.
It also refers to the morality of the computer professionals, and their usage to computers (kaja-net.com, ). I originally suggested the title "A Guide to Computer Ethics" because of my consideration of four different philosophical theories that will provide guidance for ethical decision-making (I will also discuss Logical Analysis a non-systematic philosophy which does not have an ethics theory).
Computer ethics includes consideration of both personal and social policies for the ethical use of computer technology. Now it may seem that all that needs to be done is the mechanical application of an ethical theory to generate the appropriate policy.
Because of its constantly changing nature, the area of computer technology is one that is difficult to assign a specific set of moral codes, although it is necessary that ethics be considered when making decisions in this area. As a leader in the field, the Computer Ethics Institute has provided an advanced forum and resource for identifying, assessing and responding to ethical issues associated with the advancement of information technologies in society.
Gender and computer ethics Alison Adam University ofSal~rd, UK Email: [email protected]~kaja-net.com, uk Abstract: This paper reviews the relatively small body of work in computer ethics which looks at the question of whether gender makes any difference to ethical decisions.