An Appendix to Mr.
Many venerate him as the father of the Jewish Enlightenment, the champion of emancipation of the Jews of Europe, the thinker and activist responsible for knocking down the walls of the ghetto.
In secular subjects, he was mostly self-taught, yet he became a respected German philosopher.
Inhe won first prize in an essay competition on metaphysics put on by the Berlin Royal Academy of Sciences. Immanuel Kant won second prize. His philosophical works, written in German, were read widely by gentiles and Jews during his lifetime and for generations after.
Mendelssohn also wrote prolifically in Hebrew, and now lengthy samples of these writings are available to English readers. Breuer, a Canadian who made aliyah, teaches in the Jewish history and contemporary Jewry department at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
Sorkin, meanwhile, is a professor of modern Jewish history at Yale University. Both are recognized Mendelssohn scholars. Translating texts like these is not easy, but Breuer has risen to the challenge.
He argued that Mendelssohn calculatingly continued to observe Jewish law since otherwise he could not influence his fellow Jews. Breuer and Sorkin argue that this, too, is a misconception.
In their introduction to it, Breuer and Sorkin explain that Mendelssohn was concerned that Jews were using either poor German translations that were then available from other Jews, or better but biased translations done by Christians.
He undertook to give Jews a good German translation that reflected Jewish values and interpretations.
Mendelssohn himself wrote much of the lengthy Hebrew commentary on the biblical text, while the rest was written under his supervision. In large part, the commentary is a compendium of the best of traditional Jewish Bible interpretation. His Humash was reprinted many times and became the most popular Jewish Bible other than the classic Humash with Rashi in the generations after his death.
His explanations of Torah texts were quoted widely by respected Orthodox rabbis at the end of the 18th century and throughout the 19th.
This new book provides strong support for the thesis that Breuer advanced in his first book, The Limits of Enlightenment: He used them to argue against more radical contemporary Enlightenment figures, both Jewish and Christian, whom Mendelssohn saw as inimical to traditional Judaism.
His defence of earlier commentators, along with his own worthwhile insights, can now reach the wider Jewish audience they deserve.Giacomo Meyerbeer (born Jacob Liebmann Beer; 5 September – 2 May ) was a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century.
With his opera Robert le diable and its successors, he gave the genre of grand opera 'decisive character'. Meyerbeer's grand opera style was achieved by his merging of. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Prize essay: Moses Mendelssohn in Berlin.
Moses Mendelssohn, Kant (“Untersuchung über die Deutlichkeit der Grundsätze der natürlichen Theologie und der Moral”), and Thomas Abbt were among the entrants. Kant’s essay received the Accessit and was published with Mendelssohn’s in Sulzer, a Wolffian, was currently the head of .
Jul 13, · Mendelssohn bravely and eloquently defended the principles of Judaism in the face of Christian conversionary polemics, most famously in his response to a challenge by Lavater, a leader of the Lutheran Church, to either disprove the truth of Christianity or convert to it.
In Mendelssohn competed against Immanuel Kant and won the Berlin Academy prize with an essay, "Evidence of Metaphysical Science." His main philosophic reputation stemmed from his influential treatises on esthetics and on the philosophy of religion. Immanuel Kant (–) is the central figure in modern philosophy.
He synthesized early modern rationalism and empiricism, set the terms for much of nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy, and continues to exercise a significant influence today in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, and other fields.