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How to Write a Summary of an Article? Compare Piaget and Vygotsky Cognitive development is the term used to describe the construction of thought process, including remembering, problem solving and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. In addition to this I will also weigh up the strengths and weaknesses of each theory and outline how they can be applied to an educational setting.
He believed that these stages always occur in the same order, each builds on what was learned in the previous stage and that the development resulted from two influences: Although both psychologists acknowledged that all children go through stages, they were distinguished by different styles of thinking, and approach to analysing the cognitive development process.
Piaget believed that all children that reach The concrete Operational stage ages have overcome centration and become decentred, they are capable of mastering the principles of classification, seriation and class inclusion.
As a result of this different approach to children, we can relate this to the reason why unlike Piaget, Vygotsky acknowledged the issue of Special Educational needs and how some children might be of the same age as their peers but find it difficult to complete the same tasks cause of other issues.
Both psychologists believed that interaction was the key to the development of the child. However, they both focused on a different interaction. Piaget saw the child as a scientist, he learnt things in solitary on his own, while Vygotsky saw the child as an apprentice because he learnt as a result of social collaboration.
Piaget believed that the teacher was the facilitator, the one that provides the interaction in the environment. In addition to this Vygotsky believed that language was crucial for the cognitive development.
He believed that the greatest advantage in development comes when we get to the stage of being able to internalise language.
One of the biggest differences between these theories was that Vygotsky was able to put his theories into practice in a school setting. Never the less, they both theories influenced education and empahsied the importance of assessment however Vygotsky wanted the observation of children and their abilities to be as valied as test scores.
A major source of his inspiration for the theory was based on his observations of his own children. And because of this small sample group, people believe that it is difficult and incorrect to generalise his findings to a larger population.
|Piaget's Stages of Development Essays||Piaget studied cognitive development among children in order to understand the relationship between mental processes e.|
|Piaget's stages of cognitive development - New York Essays||It occupies the first two years of a child's life, from birth to 2 years old.|
Similarly, many psychologists believe that Piaget underestimated the age which children could accomplish certain tasks and that sometimes children understand a concept before they are able to demonstrate their understanding of it. For example, children in the Sensorimotor stage may not search for a hidden object because their motor skills are not developed, rather than because they lack object permanence.
Dasen claims that only a third of adults ever reach this stage. For example, Inhelder et al. However on the other hand, it is said that he underemphasized the biological and individual factors of the cognitive development. Vygotsky encouraged being aware of the children potential and how with the proper assistance or support from an adult or a peer with more knowledge the child is capable of learning more.
Hughs and Donaldson proved this by demonstrated that the same tasks that Piaget set for the children can be made understandable by making them more child friendly by providing a familiar social atmosphere. The teacher would encourage abstract thought during discussions, and be certain to build on previous information that the students had been given.
However, when testing the skills and knowledge of the students, the teacher would be more likely to use questions that evoked concrete answers such as true or false questions. The teacher would be more likely to assign group projects and give the students problems to solve, as opposed to asking questions that can be answered with a concrete answer.
Which would help prove that with the help they received before they were apable of doing the next task by themselves. Although both theories can be applied to an educational setting, their implications on a classroom would arise in different manners.
In doing this, the classroom could become a place where the less capable children would be known as underachievers and taunted by the more academical children.Published: Mon, 5 Dec Cognitive theory of Jean Piaget includes four stages of development that children move through during which the explanatory behaviors of infants transform into the abstract, logical intelligence of kaja-net.com://kaja-net.com Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development.
Thesis Statement: Jean Piaget is one of the most important theorists in all psychology who forged one of the most comprehensive and compelling theories of intellectual development. PIAGET"S BACKGROUND.
Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland /5(16). - The Theories of Jean Piaget This essay is about Jean Piaget's theory. Piaget's theory has two main strands: first, an account of the mechanisms by which cognitive development takes place; and second, an account of the four main stages of cognitive development through which children pass.
- Piaget's Stages of Cognitive . Comparing Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development to Erikson’s Stages of Social Development Child psychologist, Jean Piaget, believed that a person understands whatever information fits into his established view of the world. Piaget described four stages of cognitive development and related [ ]kaja-net.com Essay title: Piaget’s Stages of Development The first stage is called the Sensorimotor stage.
It occupies the first two years of a child's life, from birth to 2 years kaja-net.com://kaja-net.com Piaget's and Vygotsky's Views of Cognitive Development The Development in Play Behaviour Has Been Described as a Series of Stages. Present the Evidence for This and Evaluate with Reference to the Development of the Notion of the 'self'.kaja-net.com's-Stages-of.