We have added pictures and information about what made them famous. Hatshepsut was a powerful political person in Egypt even before she assumed the title of Pharaoh.
We have added pictures and information about what made them famous. Hatshepsut was a powerful political person in Egypt even before she assumed the title of Pharaoh. She had a peaceful reign promoting trade and the arts. Her beautiful temple at Deir el-Bahri still stands west of Thebes.
Nefertiti was the powerful wife of Akhenaton, who worshiped a new religion honoring only one God, Aten. She later rejected this religion, backing her half-brother who re-established the old worship of the sun-god Amon.
Her beauty was immortalized in exquisite sculptures made at the time. Sammuramat Assyrian Queen, 9th Century B. Sammuramat is the subject of many myths about her reign as both the wife and mother of kings. She apparently accompanied her husband into battle, greatly expanded Babylonia's control over far-flung territories, irrigated the flatlands between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and restored the fading beauty of her capital, Babylon.
Cleopatra was the ambitious last ruler of the Macedonian Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. In her struggles to win the crown and keep her country free, she sought the support of Julius Caesar, bearing him a son.
For a time she lived in Rome. Later, she won the protection of Rome through an affair with Mark Anthony, and had three children with him.
Financing his failing military campaigns, both she and Anthony were defeated in a battle against Octavian in 31 B. A lesser known fact is that Cleopatra was highly educated and possessed an impressive intellect, being a student of philosophy and international relations.
Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen of England and of France, Eleanor was one of the most influential figures of the 12th century. She bore Henry eight children, two of them future kings of England. Throughout her life she maintained control over her extensive lands in Southern France, and cleverly managed the lives of her children and grandchildren.
For much more, see our Web biography, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Captured by the Burgundians, and ransomed by the English, she was put on trial on charges of witchcraft and fraud.
She eventually was convicted only of wearing male clothes, an offense against the Church, and was burned at the stake.
Her legend grew and she became canonized in They governed independently, however, and Isabella initiated a program of reform which reduced the power of her rebellious nobles, streamlined her government, and encouraged scholarship.
Intensely religious, she helped establish the Inquisition in Andalusia, which led to the expulsion from Spain of overJews. With Ferdinand, she conquered Granada, the remaining territory of the Moors. Eventually, they too were expelled from Spain. In she was given in a political marriage to Henri, Duke of Orleans, who became the French King in As queen she was very influential in bringing aspects of Italian culture to France, such as their theater and food.
After her husband's death, she gained political power as regent for her sons she had ten children. An ambitious woman, she actively involved herself in the political intrigues of the court, always trying to increase royal power. At first Catherine tried to reconcile France's opposing Catholic and Protestant factions as their violent disputes threatened national unity.
But with the massacre in of Protestants the massacre of St Bartholomewthis peace was shattered, and Catherine was blamed for allowing it to happen.
Mary Queen of Scots Mary led an eventful and troubling life. She became Queen of Scotland when she was just six days old. At age five she was sent to France to be brought up in the French court, and eventually married King Francis II, who died the next year.
A widow, Mary returned to Scotland where a series of politically unwise love affairs and her continued adherence to Catholicism in a Protestant country led to trouble and a revolt against her. Forced to flee to England for refuge, she now faced the fears of Queen Elizabeth I who saw her as a rival to her throne.
Elizabeth kept Mary under a form of imprisonment for the next 19 years. Watched closely, she was implicated in a series of conspiracies against Queen Elizabeth, and was executed. Elizabeth I Queen of England, With a childhood full of political intrigue, it was assumed that Elizabeth would never become queen.
But she did, and as queen managed for a time to quiet her Catholic population with acts of tolerance, promote government reforms, strengthen the currency, and forward the growth of a capitalist economy.
Highly educated, she also turned her court into a great center of learning. Elizabeth's foreign relations were uneasy.Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the last of the five monarchs of the House of Tudor.
Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, who was executed two-and-a-half years after Elizabeth's birth. Queen Elizabeth I of England September 7, March 24, Ruler of England from Summary: Queen Elizabeth I of England was a powerful female ruler who impacted England with cultural, social and political change.
She ruled England for 44 years, starting at the age of Showing her feminine power by not marrying and. Queen Elizabeth I was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne kaja-net.com Elizabeth was three years old, Henry had Anne beheaded and their marriage declared invalid, thus rendering Elizabeth an illegitimate child and removing her from the line of succession (to which Parliament would later restore her).
Queen Elizabeth 1 was considered to be a great and fair ruler. Shewas tolerant to people's different religious beliefs and she used acounsel of people to help adviser her. Share to. Elizabeth I: Exception to the Rule. For subjects of the second Queen Elizabeth, her namesake and predecessor is an iconic cultural presence who looms even larger in the English historical consciousness than her extraordinary .
 Brenhines is the title used in Welsh for Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. Despot Byzantine Empire, Second Bulgarian Empire, Danubian Principalities, Serbian Despotate (originating from Byzantium).