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Pre-colonial period Kumeyaay people lived in San Diego before Europeans settled there.
The original inhabitants of the region are now known as the San Dieguito and La Jolla people. Two seaborne parties reached San Diego Bay: It was the first settlement by Europeans in what is now the state of California.
InMexico began attempting to extend its authority over the coastal territory of Alta California. The fort on Presidio Hill was gradually abandoned, while the town of San Diego grew up on the level land below Presidio Hill. The Mission was secularized by the Mexican government inand most of the Mission lands were granted to former soldiers.
See, List of pre-statehood mayors of San Diego. However, San Diego had been losing population throughout the s and in the town lost its pueblo status because its size dropped to an estimated to residents.
Americans gained increased awareness of California, and its commercial possibilities, from the writings of two countrymen involved in the often officially forbidden, to foreigners, but economically significant hide and tallow trade, where San Diego was a major port and the only one with an adequate harbor: At first they had an easy time of it capturing the major ports including San Diego, but the Californios in southern Alta California struck back.
Following the successful revolt in Los Angelesthe American garrison at San Diego was driven out without firing a shot in early October Mexican partisans held San Diego for three weeks until October 24,when the Americans recaptured it.
For the next several months the Americans were blockaded inside the pueblo. Skirmishes occurred daily and snipers shot into the town every night. The Californios drove cattle away from the pueblo hoping to starve the Americans and their Californio supporters out. Kearney were at Warner's Ranch.
Stockton sent a mounted force of fifty under Captain Archibald Gillespie to march north to meet him. In the ensuing Battle of San Pasqualfought in the San Pasqual Valley which is now part of the city of San Diego, the Americans suffered their worst losses in the campaign. Subsequently, a column led by Lieutenant Gray arrived from San Diego, rescuing Kearny's battered and blockaded command.
The Mexican negotiators of that treaty tried to retain San Diego as part of Mexico, but the Americans insisted that San Diego was "for every commercial purpose of nearly equal importance to us with that of San Francisco," and the Mexican—American border was eventually established to be one league south of the southernmost point of San Diego Bayso as to include the entire bay within the United States.
The state of California was admitted to the United States in That same year San Diego was designated the seat of the newly established San Diego County and was incorporated as a city.
Beanthe last alcalde of San Diego, was elected the first mayor.
Two years later the city was bankrupt;  the California legislature revoked the city's charter and placed it under control of a board of trustees, where it remained until A city charter was reestablished inand today's city charter was adopted in The location was not ideal, being several miles away from navigable water at its port at La Playa.
InWilliam Heath Davis promoted a new development by the bay shore called "New San Diego", several miles south of the original settlement; however, for several decades the new development consisted only of a pier, a few houses and an Army depot for the support of Fort Yuma.
Afterthe fort became supplied by sea and by steamboats on the Colorado River and the depot fell into disuse. Horton promoted the area heavily, and people and businesses began to relocate to New Town because its location on San Diego Bay was convenient to shipping.
New Town soon eclipsed the original settlement, known to this day as Old Townand became the economic and governmental heart of the city. The buildings were intended to be temporary structures, but most remained in continuous use until they progressively fell into disrepair.
Over the next several decades the Army set up a series of coastal artillery batteries and named the area Fort Rosecrans. Navy presence began in with the establishment of the Navy Coaling Station in Point Loma, and expanded greatly during the s. The city was also an early center for aviation: Lindbergh 's plane The Spirit of St.
Louis was built in San Diego in by Ryan Airlines. The city's population grew rapidly during and after World War II, more than doubling betweenandThe plan was called " Operation Cherry Blossoms at Night " and called for kamikaze planes filled with fleas infected with plague Yersinia pestis to crash into civilian population centers in the city, hoping to spread plague in the city and effectively kill tens of thousands of civilians.
The plan was scheduled to launch on September 22,but was not carried out because Japan surrendered five weeks earlier. The resulting downturn led San Diego leaders to seek to diversify the city's economy by focusing on research and science, as well as tourism.
A large fishing fleet supported the canneries, mostly staffed by immigrant fishermen from Japanand later from the Portuguese Azores and Italy whose influence is still felt in neighborhoods like Little Italy and Point Loma.San Miguel Corporation and its subsidiaries ("SMC," "We," "us" or "our") respect your privacy and will keep secure and confidential all personal and sensitive information that you may provide to SMC, and/or those that SMC may collect from you ("Personal Data").
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Get an overview of major world indexes, current values and stock market data. The Montreal Salsa Convention is uniting Latin dance and music lovers from all over the world. It’s providing the best dancers and instructors of our generation. Founded by San Tropez Dance School this years convention celebrates it’s 14th anniversary at the beautiful Complexe Desjardins in .
The Company's Business Operations San Miguel Pure Foods integrates two outstanding food institutions, the San Miguel Food Group and Pure Foods Corporation.
Both have a rich history and a solid record of experience and expertise spanning nearly six decades of market leadership in the food industry.