In Barcelona, Antonio Gaudi conceived architecture as a form of sculpture; the facade of the Casa Battlo in Barcelona — had no straight lines; it was encrusted with colorful mosaics of stone and ceramic tiles  Architects also began to experiment with new materials and techniques, which gave them greater freedom to create new forms. In — in Paris Auguste Perret and Henri Sauvage began to use reinforced concretepreviously only used for industrial structures, to build apartment buildings. The first concrete apartment buildings by Perret and Sauvage were covered with ceramic tiles, but in Perret built the first concrete parking garage on 51 rue de Ponthieu in Paris; here the concrete was left bare, and the space between the concrete was filled with glass windows.
See Article History Alternative Title: Staatliches Bauhaus Bauhaus, in full Staatliches Bauhaus, school of design, architecture, and applied arts that existed in Germany from to It was based in Weimar untilDessau throughand Berlin in its final months.
By training students equally in art and in technically expert craftsmanship, the Bauhaus sought to end the schism between the two. Gropius, WalterWalter Gropius, c.
By the last decade of that century, these efforts had led to the Arts and Crafts movement. While extending the Arts and Crafts attentiveness to good design for every aspect of daily living, the forward-looking Bauhaus rejected the Arts and Crafts emphasis on individually executed luxury objects.
Bauhaus; Breuer, MarcelAn overview of the Bauhaus school, including a discussion of the Bauhaus-influenced chair designed by Marcel Breuer. The workshops—carpentry, metal, pottery, stained glasswall paintingweaving, graphics, typographyand stagecraft—were generally taught by two people: The Bauhaus included among its faculty several outstanding artists of the 20th century.
In addition to the above-mentioned, some of its teachers were Paul Klee stained glass and paintingWassily Kandinsky wall paintingLyonel Feininger graphic artsOskar Schlemmer stagecraft and also sculptureMarcel Breuer interiorsHerbert Bayer typography and advertisingGerhard Marcks potteryand Georg Muche weaving.
A severe but elegant geometric style carried out with great economy of means has been considered characteristic of the Bauhaus, though in fact the works produced were richly diverse.
He was asked to resign because of his left-wing political views, which brought him into conflict with Dessau authorities.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became the new director until the Nazi regime forced the school to close in Ekem The Bauhaus had far-reaching influence. Its workshop products were widely reproduced, and widespread acceptance of functional, unornamented designs for objects of daily use owes much to Bauhaus precept and example.
Bauhaus teaching methods and ideals were transmitted throughout the world by faculty and students. Today, nearly every art curriculum includes foundation courses in which, on the Bauhaus model, students learn about the fundamental elements of design. Among the best known of Bauhaus-inspired educational efforts was the achievement of Moholy-Nagywho founded the New Bauhaus later renamed the Institute of Design in Chicago inthe same year in which Gropius was appointed chairman of the Harvard School of Architecture.
A year later Mies moved to Chicago to head the department of architecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology then known as the Armour Instituteand eventually he designed its new campus.The Bauhaus, the interwar German design school that profoundly influenced later developments in art, architecture, product design and typography, was a complex, contradictory crucible of ideas.
Walter Gropius was a man with enormous talents in architecture and design. He began designing buildings with innovative ideas and modern structure.
Whatever structures and designs he created were an example to modernism. Modern architecture, or modernist architecture, is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War kaja-net.com was based upon new technologies of construction, particularly the use of glass, steel and reinforced concrete; and upon a rejection of the traditional neoclassical architecture .
Constructing landscapes that refine nature, engage culture, and sustain them both. Walter V. Wendler was appointed director of the School of Architecture at Southern Illinois University Carbondale in July He has been at SIUC since July 1, , serving as chancellor and architecture professor during his tenure.
Modern architecture, or modernist architecture was based upon new and innovative technologies of construction, In the late s he moved to the Harvard Graduate School of Design, where he studied with Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer and became deeply involved in Modernism.