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Fascism and National Socialism are often mistaken for being one and the same thing. Yes, these ideologies did have a lot in common, yet some of the differences are substantial. Mussolini left and Hitler right.
Its purpose was to restore order in Italy and give the country what in their opinion it was entitled to have. This was caused by the fact that Hitler admired Mussolini and incorporated many of his ideas in his own ideology that would later be known as National Socialism or Nazism.
Similarities There are many similarities between Fascism and National Socialism. As such, both pursue collectivism ownership of the land and the means of production by the state as a part of an economy led by the state, the establishment of a dictatorship led by a leader who literally has all power and glorify violence, imperialism, and militarism.
Furthermore, they reject Democracy and traditional left and right wing parties, oppose freedom of speech and are strongly against Communism and Capitalism, Feminism and homosexuality alike.
Their promotion of Nationalism is being taken to an extreme and they aim for unity within their own respective states by holding mass demonstrations and military parades. Another similarity can be found in the fact that both are totalitarian ideologies, which means that they seek to control all aspects of public and private life alike.
And finally, neither believes in class conflicts and conflicts of interest as a result of their idea of class collaboration instead of class struggle this is where both ideologies find themselves directly opposing Socialism and Communism.
Other Fascist regimes that were established around the same time in Europe — the ones in Spain under Franco and Portugal under Salazar — could not be accused of fundamentally embracing racism either.
As a result, Fascist-like regimes tended not to have any problems with Jews either and if they did, it was — just like Italy — due to their ties with Nazi-Germany. In the Netherlands, even the National Socialist Movement had some Jewish members at first since it did not start out as an anti-Semitic organization.
Taken everything in consideration, it may be stated that the main difference between Fascism and National Socialism can be described as follows: Fascists focused more on their own state, whereas race was more important to the Nazis.
Even when it comes to art, some major differences exist between the two ideologies. Nazis had no positive attitude towards Modernism, which they considered to be a sign of Bolshevism and cultural degeneration. Instead, they much rather promote art reflecting the Nazi doctrine.
Fascists on the other hand generally had no problem with Modernism. The artistic differences between Fascism and Nazism can be noted in architecture as well: Source Fascism, Nazism, and Religion When it comes to religion, both similarities and differences exist.
The most important similarity can be found in the fact that theoretically, neither Fascism nor Nazism can ever embrace religion since it claims — just like the two ideologies — the whole of an individual. Both Fascists and Nazis recognize the fact that there are numerous religious people, causing both groups to approach religion with caution while seeking to find it a purpose that would benefit their respective regimes.
This is where the differences come in. Though originally an atheist, Mussolini actively endorsed the Roman Catholic Church for political legitimacy while Hitler founded Positive Christianity as an attempt to redefine the Christian belief in such a way that it would benefit his anti-Semitic rule.
Proof for that can be found in the fact that his version of Christianity had a little surprising interpretation of the Bible: Jesus Christ was the son of God indeed, but he was not Jewish.
Instead, so the Nazis claimed, he despised the Jews and it was them who ended up killing him. As such, Dutch politician Geert Wilders has repeatedly been compared to Hitler while he strongly supports Israel, hence causing this comparison to be utterly preposterous.
If we go a little further back in time, we see that after the Spanish Civil War, Franco — considered a Fascist by many — swore to never wage war again, a promise he kept for the most part he prevented Spain from becoming an overly active participant of World War II, but he did send some military aid to Nazi-Germany.
However, in avoiding war, he directly opposed Fascist glorification of violence and imperialism, thus creating room for debate about how Fascist he really was.
Whenever someone expresses criticism towards non-Western immigrants who commit crimes — so not towards non-Western immigrants in general!The similarities and differences between fascism in Nazi Germany and in Russia Essay Sample Introduction.
In trying to find the similarities and differences between Fascism as practiced by Nazi Germany and the Communist system of Russia under Joseph Stalin, it is important to first understand the term ‘fascism’; what does it mean? Both were also driven by an ideology, fascism in Germany and communism in the Soviet Union.
Differences In Germany the status of the Hitler sect of Nazism was much more consequential. The main difference lies in the outlook of the word 'self'. The way each party rules will be consequently different. There is, however, a closer relation between Nazism and Fascism than Fascism and Communism, as you will see ahead.
Transcript of Compare & Contrast Fascism, Communism, & Nazism. wanted to expand Germany east into Poland and Russia 4) Blamed Jews for most of the world's problems and for Germany losing WWI German leaders helped Hitler rise to power because they thought.
Compare and contrast Nazi and Italian Fascist views on race and national identity Despite both pertaining to the political ideology of fascism and sharing many similar characteristics, the regimes of Nazi Germany and Italy under Mussolini can be seen to differ slightly.
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Aug 25, · Fascism and National Socialism are often mistaken for being one and the same thing. Yes, these ideologies did have a lot in common, yet some of the differences are kaja-net.coms: 2.