This material is designed to assist teachers in targeting higher-level thinking and science process skills for their students.
Print Key Info As you do your research, follow your background research plan and take notes from your sources of information. These notes will help you write a better summary. The purpose of your research paper is to give you the information to understand why your experiment turns out the way it does.
The research paper should include: The history of similar experiments or inventions Definitions of all important words and concepts that describe your experiment Answers to all your background research plan questions Mathematical formulas, if any, that you will need to describe the results of your experiment For every fact or picture in your research paper you should follow it with a citation telling the reader where you found the information.
A citation is just the name of the author and the date of the publication placed in parentheses like this: Its purpose is to document a source briefly, clearly, and accurately.
If you copy text from one of your sources, then place it in quotation marks in addition to following it with a citation. Be sure you understand and avoid plagiarism! Always give credit where credit is due! Most teachers want a research paper to have these sections, in order: Title page with the title of your project, your name, and the date Your report Bibliography Check with your teacher for additional requirements such as page numbers and a table of contents Overview Year after year, students find that the report called the research paper is the part of the science fair project where they learn the most.
So, take it from those who preceded you, the research paper you are preparing to write is super valuable. What Is a Research Paper?
The short answer is that the research paper is a report summarizing the answers to the research questions you generated in your background research plan. The long answer is that the research paper summarizes the theory behind your experiment.
Science fair judges like to see that you understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. You do library and Internet research so that you can make a prediction of what will occur in your experiment, and then whether that prediction is right or wrong, you will have the knowledge to understand what caused the behavior you observed.
From a practical perspective, the research paper also discusses the techniques and equipment that are appropriate for investigating your topic. Some methods and techniques are more reliable because they have been used many times.
Can you use a procedure for your science fair project that is similar to an experiment that has been done before? If you can obtain this information, your project will be more successful. The research paper is simply the "write-up" of that research.
If a simple equation describes aspects of your science fair project, include it. Some teachers recommend taking notes on note cards. Each card contains the source at the top, with key points listed or quoted underneath.Middle School Science: How to See the Invisible.
To The Teacher: One of the truly hardest ideas to get across to students is the existence of the unseen world of atoms and molecules.
Key Info Background research is necessary so that you know how to design and understand your experiment. To make a background research plan — a roadmap of the research questions you need to answer — follow these steps.
Identify the keywords in the question for your science fair project. This page provides a summary of the key fifth grade curriculum and learning objectives for language arts, math, social studies, and science.
Under each is a more detailed description of what children learn in fifth grade subjects, including detailed lesson descriptions of Time4Learning learning activities.
Science Enhanced Scope and Sequence – Biology Scientific Process and Experimental Design Strand Scientific Investigation.
Topic. Conducting controlled experiments. Primary SOL. BIO.1 The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, Journal/Writing Prompts. o.
|19 TAC Chapter , Subchapter B||Middle School Statutory Authority:|
|Why the Need for Background Research?||Interested in collecting water quality data and sharing it with others?|
|Activities By Subject||Circle, bar, and line are examples of kinds of graphs. This is a written summary of what was actually learned from doing the experiment.|
Rubrics offer the teacher an opportunity to evaluate the student's understanding of a scientific topic by levels of performance on certain criteria. A rubric can evaluate the depth, breadth, creativity and conceptual framework of an essay, presentation, skit, poster, project, lab report, portfolio, etc.
for pupils to record thoughts about investigations (what are my variables, what will I keep the same, what I think will happen). Can be used with any experiment, any year.
Good for getting year 7s into the habit of writing experiments/drawing graphs, or K /5(2).